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SV Darmstadt 98 20 5 2 3 Holstein Kiel 19 4 4 1 FC Erzgebirge Aue 19 4 3 2 SG Dynamo Dresden 19 4 1 5 SSV Jahn Regensburg 19 3 4 2 FC Magdeburg 20 1 6 3 DSC Arminia Bielefeld 19 2 2 5 SV Sandhausen 19 1 4 4 7: FC Ingolstadt 04 20 1 4 6 MSV Duisburg 20 2 0 8 9: Hamburger SV 19 7 1 1 Pauli 19 5 2 3 SSV Jahn Regensburg 19 4 4 2 Holstein Kiel 19 4 3 3 FC Heidenheim 19 3 5 2 DSC Arminia Bielefeld 19 3 4 3 SG Dynamo Dresden 19 3 3 3 VfL Bochum 19 2 5 2 SC Paderborn 07 19 3 1 5 FC Union Berlin 19 1 7 1 8: MSV Duisburg 20 2 4 4 FC Magdeburg 20 2 2 6 FC Erzgebirge Aue 19 2 1 7 SV Sandhausen 19 1 3 6 From until two, or later three, teams had been relegated from the Bundesliga automatically, while promotion had been decided either completely or partially in promotion play-offs.
The season starts in early August  and lasts until late May, with a winter break of six weeks mid-December through to the end of January. In recent years, games have been played on Saturdays five games beginning at 3: A new television deal in reintroduced a Friday game beginning at 8: Prior to the formation of the Bundesliga, German football was played at an amateur level in a large number of sub-regional leagues until, in , part-time semi- professionalism was introduced and only five regional Oberligen Premier Leagues remained.
Regional champions and runners-up played a series of playoff matches for the right to compete in a final game for the national championship.
At the international level the German game began to falter as German teams often fared poorly against professional teams from other countries.
The league fielded 14 teams with two relegation spots. The defeat of the national team by Yugoslavia 0—1 in a World Cup quarter-final game in Chile was one impetus of many towards the formation of a national league.
East Germany, behind the Iron Curtain, maintained its separate league structure. Hansa Rostock were seeded into the top-tier Bundesliga division, with other clubs being sorted into lower tiers.
The German football champion is decided strictly by play in the Bundesliga. Each club plays every other club once at home and once away.
Originally, a victory was worth two points, with one point for a draw and none for a loss. Since the —96 season, a victory has been worth three points, while a draw remains worth a single point, and zero points are given for a loss.
The club with the most points at the end of the season becomes German champion. Currently, the top three clubs in the table qualify automatically for the group phase of the UEFA Champions League , while the fourth-place team enters the Champions League at the third qualifying round see overview.
The two teams at the bottom of the table are relegated into the 2. Bundesliga, while the top two teams in the 2.
The 16th-placed team third-last , and the third-placed team in the 2. Bundesliga play a two-leg play-off match.
The winner of this match plays the next season in the Bundesliga, and the loser in the 2. If two clubs are still tied after all of these tie-breakers have been applied, a single match is held at a neutral site to determine the placement.
However, this has never been necessary in the history of the Bundesliga. In terms of team selection, matchday squads must have no more than five non-EU representatives.
Seven substitutes are permitted to be selected, from which three can be used in the duration of the game. That year it was the only European football league where clubs collectively made a profit.
By contrast, in the other major European leagues, numerous high-profile teams have come under ownership of foreign billionaires, and a significant number of clubs have high levels of debt.
After the German Football Association and the Bundesliga mandated that all clubs run a youth academy , with the aim of bolstering the stream of local talent for the club and national team.
This allows more money to be spent on the players that are bought, and there is a greater chance to buy better instead of average players.
In the first decade of the third millennium s , the Bundesliga was regarded as competitive, as five teams have won the league title.
At the end of each season, clubs in the Bundesliga must apply to the German Football Federation DFB for a licence to participate again the following year; only when the DFB, who have access to all transfer documents and accounts, are satisfied that there is no threat of insolvency do they give approval.
In addition, no individual is allowed to own more than 49 percent of any Bundesliga club, the only exceptions being VfL Wolfsburg , Bayer Leverkusen and current Regionalliga Nordost member FC Carl Zeiss Jena should they ever be promoted to the Bundesliga as they were each founded as factory teams.
Despite the good economic governance, there have still been some instances of clubs getting into difficulties. In subsequent years, the club went through extensive restructuring to return to financial health, largely with young home-grown players.
Based on its per-game average, the Bundesliga is the best-attended association football league in the world; out of all sports, its average of 45, fans per game during the —12 season was the second highest of any professional sports league worldwide, behind only the National Football League of the United States.
Many club stadia have large terraced areas for standing fans by comparison, stadia in the English Premier League are all-seaters due to the Taylor Report.
Match tickets often double as free rail passes which encourages supporters to travel and celebrate in a relaxed atmosphere.
They are very fan orientated". Football has got to be for everybody. The spectator figures for league for the last eleven seasons:.
The Bundesliga broadcast rights are sold along with the broadcast rights to the Bundesliga Relegation Playoffs, 2. Three Friday night matches — the openers of the first and second halves of the season, and on the final matchday before the winter break — are broadcast to all Germans on ZDF.
Radio coverage includes the national Konferenz whip-around coverage on the stations of ARD and full match coverage on local radio stations.
The Bundesliga is broadcast on TV in over countries. In October , 21st Century Fox , via the Fox Sports , Fox International Channels , and Sky plc divisions, acquired television and digital rights to the Bundesliga in 80 territories, including North America and Asia outside of India and Oceania for five years, and selected European territories for two years, beginning in the —16 season.
CEO James Murdoch explained that the deal was designed to "leverage our unrivaled global portfolio of sports channels to bolster the Bundesliga brand in every corner of the globe.
Spanish-language telecasts air on Fox Deportes. Matches stream online for subscribers to these channels on participating providers via Fox Sports Go , and are also available through the subscription service Fox Soccer Match Pass.
ITV4 broadcasts delayed highlights the following Monday. This arrangement lasts through the season. The following 12 clubs have won the Bundesliga: No club from former East Germany or Berlin has won the Bundesliga.
The former East German side Dynamo Berlin laid claim to the three stars of a time champion. They petitioned the league to have their DDR-Oberliga titles recognized, but received no reply.
Dynamo eventually took matters into their own hands and emblazoned their jerseys with three stars. The issue also affects other former East German and pre-Bundesliga champions.
These stars are a permanent part of their crest. Since June , the following clubs have been officially allowed to wear stars while playing in the Bundesliga.Lade deine Bilder und Videos hoch! Diese Mannschaft wurde zurückgezogen, die Ergebnisse werden aber eingerechnet. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Google und Facebook eingesetzt. Solltest Du also z. DE benutzerfreundlich zu gestalten, setzen wir Cookies ein. Bitte verwendet die Kontaktfunktion nur, wenn euch diese Informationen nicht geholfen haben. FC Lokomotive Leipzig als inoffizieller Nachfolgeverein. Wichtiger Hinweis zum Spielplan Dieser Spielplan enthält vorläufige Spiele, die noch nicht vom Staffelleiter freigeben worden sind. FC Kaiserslautern drei Punkte abgezogen. Alle bisherigen Vereine der Bundesliga Legende: Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Das bewegt die Kongress-Teilnehmer. FC Kaiserslautern im direkten Duell Köln 0: Ein Finale steht schon fest.